By Norman Kretzmann, Eleonore Stump
One of the nice philosophers of the center a while Aquinas is exclusive in pursuing it seems that disparate initiatives. at the one hand he built a philosophical figuring out of Christian doctrine in a completely built-in procedure encompassing all normal and supernatural truth. nevertheless, he used to be confident that Aristotle's philosophy afforded the simplest on hand philosophical section of one of these process. In a comparatively short profession Aquinas built those tasks in nice element and with an magnificent measure of good fortune. during this quantity ten major students introduce all of the very important points of Aquinas' proposal, starting from its historic historical past and dependence on Greek, Islamic, and Jewish philosophy and theology, during the metaphysics, epistemology and ethics, to the philosophical method of Biblical observation. New readers and nonspecialists will locate this the handiest, obtainable advisor to Aquinas presently in print. complicated scholars and experts will discover a conspectus of contemporary advancements within the interpretation of Aquinas.
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Extra resources for The Cambridge Companion to Aquinas
THE PROGRESS OF PHILOSOPHY Individually and as a species, we make only gradual progress in the knowledge of the causes. 2. " In discussing this question he brings together notions from two different traditions. "Prime matter" is a basic concept in Aristotle, the philosophical expression of a common supposition of Greek thought, namely, Cambridge Companions Online © Cambridge University Press, 2006 Aquinas's philosophy in its historical setting 29 "nothing conies from nothing" [ex nihilo nihil fit).
Being cannot come from the creature's own nature, for without existence there would be no creature to produce it. It has to come from something else: from the primary efficient cause. In the creation proclaimed by Genesis, moreover, there was nothing antecedent to receive the existence. There was only the giving of being. This is a radical development of the Aristotelian notion of efficient causality. 15 Efficient causality now bears upon the whole of the finite thing and extends to the production of both matter and form through a creative act - the bringing of something into existence rather than the initiating of motion.
41-48), but he concludes that their solution are not acceptable. Philosophy offers no prospect of a fulfillment of human life. 48). IX. THE NECESSITY OF THEOLOGY In his Commentary on Matthew 5:8 ("Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God"), Aquinas remarks that some hold that God will never be seen in his essence. But this view, he argues, is contrary to Scripture and reason. First, the possibility of the vision of God is promised in Scripture, the foundation of the Christian faith.