The Counter-Revolution in France 1787–1830 - download pdf or read online

By James Roberts

The main violent elements of the Revolution, the costliest in existence, have been the results of the clash among Revolution and Counter-Revolution. a wide a part of the French humans felt betrayed by way of a Revolution which did not anything for them and which represented an assault on their lifestyle. The rebellions which this provoked, and their savage repression, marked the political map of France for over a century. whilst the doctrines of Counter-Revolution, which provided a favorable substitute to the Revolution, have been being constructed in exile through royal and aristocratic migrs. This booklet brings jointly the newest paintings on a topic that is important to an figuring out not only of the French Revolution yet of a lot French political controversy over the last centuries.

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Popular royalism was to prove itself vastly different from the variety practised in the emigration. 3 The Emigration and the Allies The entry of Britain into the war against the French in February 1793 shifted the whole focus of the exterior Counter-Revolution's efforts to secure allies. Britain became the mainstay of the alliances against revolutionary and Napoleonic France, and the paymaster of the continental war. The princes were therefore increasingly obliged to look to Britain for help and to give way, reluctantly, to the principles on which its policies were based.

The administrations had been largely captured, to the bitter resentment of the clergy especially, by urban and bourgeois elements. These were now responsible for the revolutionary changes in the Church. In some areas they carried out their task with a degree of sympathy and understanding as a result of which trouble was avoided but all too often the interventions in the countryside by the authorities were carried out in brutal fashion on behalf of property-owners by National Guards, again usually townsmen.

Again, long service in a parish was the custom. Once a benefice was obtained, perhaps in his thirties, it was a risky matter for a priest to abandon it in the hope of something better. There were many compensations in the life of a country priest even if it was not always the rural idyll of an increasing amount of fiction. Staying thirty or forty, even fifty, years in the same parish was by no means uncommon. Outside the Paris region, it was normal for priests to be natives of the diocese, even sometimes of the district, in which they held a parish.

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