Download e-book for kindle: The Future of Multi-Pillar Pensions by Lans Bovenberg, Casper van Ewijk, Ed Westerhout

By Lans Bovenberg, Casper van Ewijk, Ed Westerhout

Pension structures are less than severe strain around the world. This strain stems not just from the well known development of inhabitants getting older, but in addition from these of accelerating heterogeneity of the inhabitants and lengthening labour mobility. the present fiscal obstacle has irritated those difficulties, thereby exposing the vulnerability of many pension schemes to macroeconomic shocks. This publication reconsiders the multi-pillar pension scheme opposed to the historical past of those pressures. It adopts an vital viewpoint and asks how the pension method as a complete contributes to the 3 easy features of pension schemes: facilitating life-cycle monetary making plans, insuring idiosyncratic hazards and sharing macroeconomic hazards throughout generations. It specializes in the optimum stability among a number of the pension pillars and at the optimum layout of every of the schemes. It sketches a couple of monetary trade-offs, exhibiting that international locations may possibly decide on diverse pension schemes reckoning on how they react to those trade-offs.

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In an area where the welfare of elderly people has been broadly defined relative to the well-being of the working-age population, it cannot now be assumed that the well-being of the comparator, working-age population is on a continued upward track. To the extent that structural damage of the crisis has holed the economies of the European countries, the sustainability of the pension systems and the expectations of the pensioners will be conversely€– and, for the most part, adversely€– affected.

Pension system has moved partly towards private schemes, and thus revenues and expenditures from public pension schemes will be lower in the future. Such observations should be kept in mind when interpreting results for the changes in the benefit ratio presented below. The results presented here are derived from the recently completed assessment of aging-related public expenditures by the European Commission. 6 shows that the projected benefit ratio will be declining in the majority of EU countries, over the period 2007–2060 (Economic Policy Committee, 2009a, p.

296(5570): 1029–31. J. C. Hershow, J. A. Carnes, J. Brody, L. N. B. S. Ludwig, A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century, N Engl J Med, vol. 352: 1138–45. M. A. Jdanov, D. Jasilionis and T. Valkonen, 2009, To what extent do rising mortality inequalities by education and marital status attenuate the general mortality decline? The case of Finland in 1971–2030, MPIDR Working Paper WP-2009–018. langId=en&catId=752&newsId=551&fu rtherNews=yes (accessed July 3, 2011).

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