By D. Orlow
This ebook is a vital contribution to the learn of West eu fascism within the inter-war years. targeting the organizational and ideological relatives of the German Nazis and French and Dutch fascists, Dietrich Orlow analyzes the evolving attitudes and conflicts one of the Nazis towards the West eu severe correct, besides the conflicting perspectives which French and Dutch fascists had in regards to the 3rd Reich within the years from 1933 onward.
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Extra resources for The Lure of Fascism in Western Europe: German Nazis, Dutch and French Fascists, 1933-1939
The NSB insisted it was strictly a “Dutch form of national socialism, completely free of ties to the swastika. ”92 The NSB’s actual founding was inspired by the Nazis’ dramatic success in the September 1930 Reichstag elections, and the new party’s organization was unabashedly modeled on that of the NSDAP. There was even a Weerafdeling (Defense Unit, WA), the Dutch version of the Nazi Stormtroopers (SA). Whatever his ambitions as a leider (leader)—Mussert’s official title as head of the party—the NSB’s founder was no Hitler or Mussolini.
The Jeunesses Patriotes (Patriotic Youth, JP) was the oldest and, for a time, largest of the French extreme-Right organizations. It also illustrated the fluid lines between fascist and conservative politics in France. The group was founded in 1924 by Pierre Taittinger, a scion of the champagnemanufacturing family. In addition to leading the JP, Taittinger was also a member of the Chamber of Deputies for the right-of-center Republican Federation. 42 Taittinger demanded that the popularly elected parliament be replaced by a profession-based representative assembly and that the nation’s leaders be selected according to merit rather than popularity.
29 In the end, the Weltdienst became part of Goebbels’ growing empire. At first glance the picture that emerges from this jumble of overlapping jurisdictions and rival ambitions among the Nazi agencies and officials suggests that more than anything, chaos reigned in the Third Reich. Actually, however, although the rivalries and power struggles were real, the various Nazi state and party agencies did pursue a common policy line. All worked hard to further the hegemonial ambitions of the Third Reich and to advance the Nazis’ anti-Bolshevik, anti-Masonic, and antiSemitic aims.