Read e-book online The Poor in England, 1700-1900: An Economy of Makeshifts PDF

By Alannah Tomkins, Steven King

This attention-grabbing examine investigates the event of English poverty among 1700 and 1900 and the ways that the terrible made ends meet. The word 'economy of makeshifts' has frequently been used to summarise the patchy, determined and infrequently failing recommendations of the bad for cloth survival. within the bad of britain a number of the prime, younger historians of welfare research how merits received from entry to universal land, mobilisation of kinship aid, resorting to crime, and different marginal assets might prop up suffering families. The essays try and clarify how and whilst the terrible secured entry to those makeshifts and recommend how the stability of those recommendations may switch through the years or be converted through gender, life-cycle and geography. This ebook represents the only most vital try in print to provide the English 'economy of makeshifts' with a fantastic, empirical foundation and to improve the idea that of makeshifts from a obscure yet handy label to a extra specified but inclusive definition.

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5 Source: Petit, Royal Forests, p. 144. of the changing significance of common right, parish relief and endowed charity in one particular local context (three parishes which intercommoned on Geddington Chase in Northamptonshire) over a long period (the two centuries after which their inhabitants had witnessed the Midland Rising and the retribution that came in its wake). A forest economy The economy of the three parishes central to this study, Brigstock, Geddington and Stanion, was dominated by what had originally been Crown woodland in two walks, Farming Woods, 1,100 acres north and east of Brigstock, and Geddington Woods some 1,400 acres to the west of Brigstock.

He concludes that the work of women could add 30 per cent to the yearly household income and that receipt of poor relief could provide a further supplement of 9 per cent of the annual income of poor labouring families. 95 Historians of religious groups, such as the Methodists and Quakers, have also tackled the economy of makeshifts indirectly, noting that such groups usually provided informal charitable aid to those who shared their views and often, as we saw from the work of Smith on Nottingham, to the wider community as well.

Eastwood, ‘History’, p. 652. N. Landau, ‘The regulation of immigration, economic structures and definitions of the poor in eighteenth century England’, Historical Journal, 33 (1990). Hollen-Lees, Solidarities. R. M. Smith, ‘Charity, self-interest and welfare: reflections from demographic and family history’, in M. ), Charity, SelfInterest and Welfare in the English Past (London, UCL Press, 1996), p. 38, which both endorses and puts a different perspective on earlier work, such as D. Thompson, ‘“I am not my father’s keeper”: families and the elderly in nineteenth-century England’, Law and History Review, 2 (1984).

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