New PDF release: The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State,

By Thomas F. X. Noble

The Republic of St. Peter seeks to reclaim for valuable Italy a massive a part of its personal historical past. Noble's thesis is instantaneously unique and arguable: that the Republic, an self sufficient political entity, used to be in life through the 730s and was once no longer a construction of the Franks within the 750s.

Noble examines the political, fiscal, and non secular difficulties that impelled the significant Italians—and a succession of resolute popes—to search emancipation from the Byzantine Empire. He delineates the social buildings and historic traditions that produced a particular political society, describes the total governmental gear of the Republic, and offers a finished review of the Franco-papal alliance.

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Extra info for The Republic of St. Peter: The Birth of the Papal State, 680-825

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8 This constant state of warfare, or war-preparedness, produced a profound transformation in the regime created by Justinian's Pragmatic Sanction of 554 at the conclusion of the Gothic wars. 11 Naples and Calabria, which figure only marginally in this study, were extensively Hellenized by 700" and had been transferred Honor of Kathleen Major (Oxford, 1971), pp. i—21; Stefano Gasparri, / ducbi longobardi (Rome, 1978), pp. 7-44. "Giovanni Tabacco, "La storia politica e sociale," in Storia d'ltalia, ed.

Guillou, Regionalisme, pp. 189-91. "Bertolini, "Le origini del potere temporale," pp. 51-53; Richards, Consul of God, p. 90; Schafer, Bedeutung, pp. 10—13; Wickham, Early Medieval Italy, pp. 78—79. Brown, "Social Structure," pp. 181-83. 56 The seemingly interminable monophysite, and then monothelite, policies of the imperial government had long estranged Rome from Constantinople, and much of Italy from the Byzantine government generally and from the exarchs specifically. These long theological quarrels were by no means idle intellectual games indulged in by a few clerical zealots.

In part, this resulted from the role played by the patrimonies in financing the social services provided by the Church, but no less important was the enormous number of people who lived and worked on the church's estates. The services provided by the church's government and the patrimonies were, then, two factors that contributed to the papacy's preeminence in Italy. At the same time, the church's administration and landholdings produced various kinds of complications and tensions in central Italy.

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