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Vredil Ijudjam harmed people{DAT} He harmed people. OBJECT CASE MARKING (15) OH on he[NOM} He ne [NEG} Bpe~HJI 37 JIl{)~RM. vredil ljudjam harmed people[DAT} He did not harm people. (16) *OH on he[NoM} He ne [NEG} Bpe~HJI JIl{)~eH. ljudej vredil harmed people[ GEN} He did not harm people. (17) OH on he[NoM} 3aHHMaJICR zanimalsja studied PYCCKHM R3hIKOM. russkim jazykom Russian[ INs} language[ INs} He studied Russian. (18) OH on he[NOM} He ne [NEG} 3aHHMaJICR zanimalsja studied R3hIKOM. PYCCKHM russkim jazykom Russian[INs} language[INs} He did not study Russian.

Circumstantials, as in (2) are not being considered here. 20 This follows the LFG definition of complement and adjunct. Nichols (1981) divides the data along different lines in classifying predicate nominals. In my analysis, complements are arguments for which verbs subcategorize obligatorily (scitat'sja = 'to consider' in (26» or optionally (vernut'sja = 'to return' in (62». For Nichols this is a distinction between governed arguments, which are complements, and bound arguments, which are co-predicates rather than complements.

Reformatskij (1967) 1 writes that in Russian, where there are no articles, the contrast between definiteness and indefiniteness is expressed through the choice of Accusative or Genitive objects in negative sentences. f)KY He vizu ne [NEG}.. see KHl1ry. knigu book[ACC} (DEFINITE) I do not see the book. (9) JI Ja [[NOM} He ne [NEG} BI1)1(Y vizu see KHl1rl1. knigi book[GEN} (INDEFINITE) I do not see a book. However, as Ravii: (1971) observes, this association is not symmetrical. That is, while the Accusative is rather strictly correlated with definiteness, the Genitive version may have either a definite or indefinite interpretation.

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