By Paul Mosley
The commercial historical past of constructing nations, relatively the previous colonies, has turn into polarized among ideologies. The apologists for colonialism have emphasised the stimulus given to the indigenous economic system via the creation of international capital; the 'underdevelopment theorists' have became this interpretation on its head and represented the connection as being, really in 'settler colonies' akin to Kenya and Zimbabwe, one no longer of stimulus yet of rape and plunder. during this research, Dr Mosley considers the economies of colonial Kenya and Southern Rhodesia and argues, within the gentle of lately assembled statistical facts, that in point of fact extra advanced than both of those uncomplicated interpretations permits. on the point of coverage, such a lot white manufacturers said that they can now not find the money for to allow 'white mate black in a really few moves': they wanted his reasonable labour, farm animals and maize an excessive amount of to want to wreck heavily the peasant economic system that sustained them.
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Extra resources for The Settler Economies: Studies in the Economic History of Kenya and Southern Rhodesia 1900–1963
340 The concessionaire period: to 1920 The diverse origins of the settler economies were duly reflected in the two countries' railway systems. Kenya's system was originally intended only to provide quick access from the Indian Ocean to Lake Victoria and therefore consisted, until 1912, of one line between those points. By contrast, Southern Rhodesia's was intended at first to exploit low-grade mineral deposits, which generally could not bear the cost of carriage by non-rail means for more than ten miles or so; 59 hence it spawned branch lines from the start.
7 do not afford the basis for a scientific comparison of the welfare impact of rail rates. 80 African consumers certainly paid more than European producers at all times, but this reflects simply the practice of charging rail carriage according to the value of the article carried, and not, as Brett implies, discrimination intended to 'operationalise the commitment to the settler sector'. Both races paid high rates for consumer goods, both races enjoyed an exceptionally cheap export rate for their maize, and inasmuch as Europeans gained benefit from the system of rail rates, it was simply because they were responsible for most of the marketed production and only a small part of marketed consumption.
II, pp. 103-4. 5. 6 shows, it went far further in Kenya and Southern Rhodesia than in Nigeria, an example of a 'peasant export economy' where the exporters were not as powerful a pressure group for influencing freight rates. Intra-settler conflict 1920-45 As noted above, there was always some conflict, particularly in the 1921-2 depression, between concessionaires and small maize and tobacco producers68 over rail rates. A quite separate focus of conflict between these two interests emerged in the 1920s: the routing of branch lines.