By Yingcong Dai
Illuminating the complex historical past of the fight among the Zunghar Mongols and China over Tibet and the increase of Sichuan's value as a key strategic sector in the course of China's final dynasty, Yingcong Dai explores the intersections of political and social history.--Yingcong Dai is affiliate professor of heritage at William Paterson college in New Jersey.
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1st ed. eightvo. fabric. x, 266 pp. close to high-quality in close to positive jacket, the ebook is a bit cocked.
Illuminating the advanced heritage of the fight among the Zunghar Mongols and China over Tibet and the increase of Sichuan's value as a key strategic sector in the course of China's final dynasty, Yingcong Dai explores the intersections of political and social background. --Yingcong Dai is affiliate professor of heritage at William Paterson collage in New Jersey.
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Additional info for The Sichuan Frontier and Tibet: Imperial Strategy in the Early Qing
23 This inaction on the Qing side left room for Tibet’s other neighbors. By a commercial treaty with Tibet in the mid-seventeenth century, Nepal’s Malla dynasty (thirteenth century through 1769) not only shared the control of two Tibetan border towns, Kuti and Kerung, but was also given the right to mint coins for Tibet. 24 Interestingly, this fact escaped the attention of the Qing state until it had two wars with Nepal at the end of the eighteenth century. 26 The young Kangxi emperor inherited this attitude.
Instead, the Ming adopted a policy of sponsoring all Buddhist sects in Tibet in an attempt to keep the Tibetan Buddhist world divided, which would serve the Ming interests best. The Ming nonactivist position left the Mongols as the single power player in the Tibetan theater. 6 Following a passionate sermon on Tibetan Buddhism, the thirty-ﬁve-yearold Sonam converted Altan Khan to the Yellow Sect. 7 At their meeting the two exchanged title-granting. 8 Later, Sonam’s two predecessors were named posthumously as the First and the Second Dalai Lama, which placed Sonam as the Third Dalai Lama.
No longer present in the Central Asian theater today, the Zunghar Mongols were in the seventeenth century a real power on the vast steppe between the Qing empire and a rapidly expanding Russian empire. The Qing considered them an intolerable threat. In the beginning, the focal point was the steppe, not Tibet. Although the Qing state started even before its conquest of China to patronize Tibetan Buddhism, the nature of this remote and mysterious realm had not been fully revealed to the Manchus, and the Qing relationship with Tibet had not been interventionist.