By D. John Shaw
This e-book is the 1st heritage of the realm meals Programme, the meals reduction arm of the United international locations. It tells the tale of the expansion of WFP from modest beginings as a three-year scan in 1963-65 to its present position because the major resource of overseas meals relief for either catastrophe aid and improvement opposed to the heritage of the evolution and improvement of nutrients reduction.
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Extra info for The UN World Food Programme and the Development of Food Aid
The main reason for lack of progress was the reluctance of governments, mainly in developed countries, to approve measures that might weaken their national initiatives and powers 22 The UN World Food Programme and Food Aid of control. The climate of opinion was against multilateral action in operational fields as distinct from advisory or informational roles. But as we saw in Chapter 2, persistence eventually paid off. In the context of FAO’s Freedom for Hunger Campaign, a resolution was adopted by the UN General Assembly in October 1960 on the ‘Provision of Food Surpluses to Food-Deficient People through the United Nations System’ (resolution 1496 (XV)), which invited FAO, in consultation with others, to establish ‘without delay’ procedures by which, with the assistance of the United Nations system, ‘the largest practicable quantities of surplus food may be made available on mutually agreeable terms as a transitional measure against hunger’.
In his letter of resignation to President Kennedy on 18 July 1962 to seek election to the US Senate, McGovern summed up the multiple achievements of his 18-month period in office. Food for Peace 16 The UN World Food Programme and Food Aid had brought many mutual benefits to the United States and the developing world by being: an outlet for costly farm storage; a device to support farm income; a commercial market development tool; a resource for economic development; an ‘invaluable aid’ to world health; a ‘powerful corrective to the misery on which tyranny thrived’; an ‘indispensable foundation stone’ for a free and peaceful world by which ‘the American farmer (was given) a vital role in US foreign policy’.
1 The group met at the height of the Keynesian consensus, with its emphasis on full employment, active government demand management, and the welfare state. Of the five members of the group, three were direct students of Keynes, the fourth was an economic development thinker in his own right, but fully in the Keynesian vein, and the fifth was an agricultural expert in the American ‘New Deal’ tradition of President Roosevelt. It was no surprise, therefore, that the group’s report had a strong Keynesian flavour.