New PDF release: Tigre Grammar and Texts

By Shlomo Raz

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Whom? (preceded by a preposition)'. ' man 'ammar 'maybe' (lit. 'who knows') (c) 'ayi (masc. ), 'ayom (masc. '. 'ayi etc. ' hamle baka? 'afo 'ayi ganas hamle tahazze? ' 4. 8. THE RELATIVE PRONOUN: la (a) The particle la- which serves as the relative pronoun (la- also serves as the definite article; cf. , lasabab la 'abbu dangarko the reason which by it I was late "The reason for which I was late' c la'aglu hazze alko katab which it looking for I was book "The book which I was looking for' lakatab la 'alu the book which it 'The book you have' baka you have (f) Most commonly the relative clause precedes the noun it modifies.

4. 9. THE INDEFINITE PRONOUN The following list consists of words and idioms which are typical of the expression of the indefinite pronoun: (a) woro(t), hatte 'someone, some person'. Lexically, these are the masculine and feminine forms of the numeral 'one'. Examples: halayat worot yanas 'a song of an unknown man' (rendered in the German translation as: 'Anonymos' PL4B, 1072:2) (PL3, L 522:5) haye woro ba'ad mannom however one other from them 'however, someone else among them' (Tribu, 4:7) (b) manma 'no one, nobody'.

Difference in gender is, for the most part, expressed in the pejorative by means of this additional suffix-the masculine suffix when the countable singular is of feminine gender, and—to a lesser extent—vice versa. 4. PAUCATIVE-PEJORATIVES Nouns belonging to this semantic class, which has a plural-type derivation, denote smallness in number. , -dm and -at where the paucative has -at and -am respectively. 5. AUGMENTATIVES Suffixed derivatives belonging to this semantic class, denote increased size or intensity.

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