By Issa M. Abdel-Razaq
Who's What and what's Who: the Morphosyntax of Arabic WH is a accomplished e-book that bargains with the most debatable phenomena in syntax, Parametric version. specifically, the publication bargains an in-depth, micro-parametric research of all of the recommendations utilized in wh-question formation and the difference in those saw in smooth Arabic dialects. in contrast to conventional analyses of this section of Arabic linguistics, the method built this is in accordance with the morphology-syntax interface, in addition to the syntax-phonology interface in addressing parametric version. The findings of the learn particular during this e-book also are put in standpoint via an exam of the chances that common Grammar deals languages by way of development wh-dependencies, together with topicalisation, relativization and variable binding.
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Additional info for Who is What and What is Who: the Morphosyntax of Arabic WH
66) a. ݧali hu(wwa) l-mudarris Ali he the-teacher ‘Ali is the teacher’ (67) a. l-mudarris hu(wwa) ݧali the-teacher he Ali ‘The teacher is Ali’ 54 Chapter One The difference between the sentences in (66) and (67) can be said to reside in what they are about, with that difference being essentially context dependent. In (66), the DP ҍali ‘Ali’ is focused to obtain the interpretation that ҍali ‘Ali’, not someone else, is the teacher. In (67), it is the DP l-mudarris ‘the teacher’ that is focused so as to obtain the interpretation where the teacher, not, say, the engineer, is ҍali ‘Ali’.
The first consequence of treating equatives as LD structures is that the problems associated with the so-called copula pronoun can be naturally explained on the basis that it is, literally, a subject pronoun and functions as such. Secondly, like basic equatives, simple copular sentences may occur with PRON. In particular, in cases where the subject is a definite DP, it can be left-dislocated. The data in the examples below illustrate this point. (62) a. l-bent ƫelwa. (Palestinian) the-girl pretty ‘The girl is pretty’ b.
In cases where one of the two DP is, for instance, a (demonstrative) pronoun, ambiguity does not arise. As a matter of fact, such constructions are common across the dialects, as can be shown in the following paradigm. (26) a. huwwa l-muttaham (Egyptian) he the-suspect ‘He is the suspect’ b. huwwa z-zaݧeem (Jordanian) he the-leader ‘He is the leader’ c. haida l-fenneen (Lebanese) this the-artist ‘This is the artist’ d. haay sayyaart-i (Palestinian) this car-mine ‘This is my car’ e. henne l-masݦuulaat (Syrian) they(f) the-responsible(f) ‘They are the responsible ones’ In all the sentences above, the initial DP is pronominal while the second DP is lexical.